Flexibility in the choice of N abatement measures: Implications for costs of implementation and environmental service provision.

Line Block Hansen1, Mette Termansen2, Berit Hasler1

 

1Aarhus University, Department of Environmental Science, Roskilde, Denmark

2Copenhagen University, Department of Food and Resource Economics, Frederiksberg C, Denmark

 

Farmers are required to introduce N abatement measures to reduce water quality pollution to fresh water and marine systems. It has been argued that due to the heterogeneity of farms and farming practices it is essential that farmers are given flexibility with respect to the choice of abatement measure. In this paper, we report on evidence from a national scale Danish farm survey assessing farmers rating of alternative measures. Using a factor analysis, we use the data to analyse the heterogeneity of how farmers perceive the suitability of alternative measures and analyse the extent to which this correlate with farm and attitudinal characteristics. The analysis shows that there is a significant diversity in ratings. The results indicate, that preferences over implementation measures represent a multitude of agricultural and amenity rationales. This imply that abatement implementation frameworks can be optimised as they provide both public and private benefits.